The year 2019 has been a very significant one to the taxation regime as the government has introduced various revolutionary changes in the laws and rules and regulations.
The contribution of the judiciary including the Supreme Court and various High Courts and Tribunals has always been significant. Some of the income tax latest case laws and latest income tax judgements in India delivered by the Indian judiciary of Tribunal in this year 2019 are compiled and curated by our team as follows.
Latest Income Tax Judgements
- Sh. Kuldeep singh v. Income tax officer [Amritsar-Trib]
Important Tags – Gift, Best Judgement assessment u/s.144, Reason to believe, 143(3), 142(1), 147, 148
During the course of assessment proceedings, the AO observed that the assessee had made cash deposit in the undisclosed bank account. The assessee submitted that the cash deposit was from the gift received by him from his father. He further submitted that said amount represents the sale consideration derived by his father from sale of certain agricultural land and from his savings and also submitted sale deeds and record of land which proves his father was agriculturist and had sufficient agriculture land. However, the AO rejected the contention of the assessee and made addition under section 68.
Aggrieved by the same, assessee filed appeal before the Ld. CIT(A). It upheld the order of AO and confirmed the reopening of the assessment.
On further appeal, ITAT held that the AO failed to bring on record any cogent evidence to prove that sale deed executed by assessee`s father was wrong and the record of land was false or untrue. And since the assessee explained the source of bank deposits therefore income has not escaped assessment within the meaning of section 147 of the Act. Hence, the ITAT quashed the reassessment proceedings initiated by assessing officer.
2. M/s Hirsch Bracelet India Private Limited v. Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax [Bangalore-Trib.]
Important Tags – Capital Asset, Depreciation, Opportunity of being heard, Bad and doubtful debts, Revised Return, Unabsorbed depreciation, TDS, 143(3), 37
The issue revolves around three major concerns, first whether all the expenditures incurred after transfer of leasehold rights are to be allowed as deduction. The Tribunal relying on the judgement of High Court of Karnataka in case of Lawrence D’souza held that even though the business had come to a halt but being a company all the expenditures incurred were necessary to maintain its legal status till the assets are liquidated and hence allowed as deduction.
The second issue deals with whether a claim that the capital gain earned on sale of land and building is to be bifurcated separately as wrongly claimed by assessee in his return of income is to be allowed. The Tribunal held that CIT(A) has the power to examine the claim and remand the claim to AO if required, hence it was directed to AO to examine the claim placed before CIT(A).
The third issue pertains to whether the profit on transfer of depreciable assets can be set off against unabsorbed depreciation. The Tribunal held that as the transfer led to short term capital gain, is in nature of business income and hence can be set off against the unabsorbed depreciation. [Partly allowed in favour of assessee]
3. M/s. Mahesh Software Systems Pvt. Ltd. v. Assistant Commissioner of Income tax [Pune- Trib.]
Important Tags – Business Income, TDS
In terms of Rule 37BA(3)(i) benefit of TDS is to be given for assessment year for which corresponding income is assessable, therefore, where assessee raised invoice on ‘A’ in March 2011, benefit of TDS had to be allowed in assessment year 2011-12 even though tax on invoice amount was deposited by ‘A’ in April 2011
4. AIG Offshore Systems Services Inc. V. Asst DIT [Mumbai – Trib.]
Important Tags – Capital Asset, Business Expenditure, Corroborative Evidence
Where assessee being a foreign company sold shares in its Indian subsidiary, for computing long term capital gain and it claimed deduction of the legal/professional fees of lawyers/ accounting firms, keeping in view that such services received by the assessee were in relation to advise on sale of entire shareholding of Indian subsidiary and included preparation of share sale/purchase agreement etc., thus it could be concluded that such expenditure was in relation to transfer of shares of Indian subsidiary and the asseesee’s claim for deduction was valid.
5. ITO, Thiruvalla v. M/s.Toms Enterprises [Cochin – Trib.]
Important Tags – Gross Profit estimation, Block assessment, Onus to prove, Retraction, 131, 133A
Where during the course of survey u/s 131, the assessee being a company, Assessing Officer cannot make additions to income of assessee only on the basis of sworn statement of its managing director and without support of any corroborative evidence.
6. The Malad Sahakari Bank Ltd v. DCIT [Mumbai – Trib.]
Important Tags – Business Income, General deductions, Depreciation, Bad and doubtful debts, Provision of Bad debts, 37, 37(1), 36(1)(viia)
“Assessee being co-operative bank is eligible for deduction of provision for doubtful debt and loss assets u/s 36(1)(viia) to extent of 7.5 percent of business income. Depreciation on securities held as ‘available for sale’ was allowed to assessee which was computed and claimed consistently every year by assessee in its profit and loss account. Assessee was entitled to deduction u/s 36(1)(vii), where he has admittedly written off bad debts in its books of account from individual ledgers of borrowers/defaulters during relevant previous year.”
7. ETT Ltd (formerly known as Indian Express Multimedia Ltd) v. CIT [Delhi- Trib]
Important Tags – Related party transaction, Transfer Pricing, Search and seizure, International transaction, Difference of opinion, Rule 8D, Earning of tax free income, Valuation report, 92C, 92B, 14A, 80IA, 263, 115JB, 54, 69, Audit Objection
Disallowance u/s 14A is not automatic whenever there is any kind of exempt income, it has to be viewed with regard to the nature of expenses debited and whether any expenditure can be calculated. The Commissioner cannot rely on the judgement of the Assessing Officer without carrying out his own enquiry and without pointing out any legal or factual infirmity.”
8. M/s. Pratham Investments v. Dy. CIT [Ahmedabad – Trib.]
Important Tags – Business Income, Speculation loss, Difference of opinion, reason to believe, change of opinion, futures and options, 143(3), 28, 147
The reassessment proceedings could not be initiated by the Assessing officer on the ground that loss arising from changing from one plan of mutual funds to another was of capital nature when he himself had treated profits from sale of such mutual funds as business income.
9. Manoj Kumar Jaiswal v. Asst. CIT CPC TDS [Bangalore – Trib.]
Important Tags – Principle of natural justice, TDS, 10, 154, 139
No power is conferred under any provisions of Act to declare return of TDS filed under section 200(3) as non-est and, thus, treating payee as assessee-in-default and exposing him to other consequences as assessee-in-default.
10. Varun Seth v. ACIT [Delhi – Trib.]
Important Tags – Capital asset, 54F, 54, 10, 139
Where assessee invested the sales consideration from selling residential property, in a plot for purpose of construction of residential house, claim for such exemption u/s 54 could not be denied, only because the assessee could not obtain possession of plot due to developer’s failure to offer possession within a period of three years.
11. The Bank of Tokyo Mistubishi UFJ Ltd. v. DCIT (International Taxation) [Delhi Trib.]
Important Tags – 234D, Depreciation, 144C, Transfer pricing
Charging of interest u/s. 234D is not justified when refund due to assessee has been adjusted to the outstanding demand.
12. N Ramaswamy v. ITO [Chennai – Trib.]
Important Tags – Capital asset, Capital gains,54F, 54, 263, 139
Assessee entered into an agreement for perpetual lease for unlimited period and claimed exemption under section 54F.
Assessing Officer (AO) allowed the exemption claimed by the assessee. However, the Principal Commissioner (PCIT) observed that the assessee had acquired the property by way of perpetual lease deed agreement and therefore, it cannot be considered as absolute purchase of the property for claiming exemption under Section 54F of the Act. Thus, he revised the order of AO and disallowed the exemption claimed by assessee.
On appeal before the Tribunal, it held that a bare reading of section 2(47) shows that the agreement or arrangement which has effect of transferring or enabling the enjoyment of immovable property, has to be considered as transfer. Furthermore, section 269UA(2) of the Act clearly says that any lease for a term of more than 12 years including the possession of property has to be construed as transfer.Since the assessee had acquired the residential house by means of perpetual lease for more than 12 years, it had to be treated as acquisition of property within the meaning of section 54F.
Therefore, assessee was entitled to exemption under section 54F and allowed the appeal of the assessee.
13. Emmsons International Ltd. v. ACIT [Delhi- Trib.]
Important Tags – Commercial expediency, Capital expenditure, 37(1), 12
Expenditure incurred on foreign travel of spouse and children of director of assessee company when they accompany him is not a business expenditure and therefore cannot be allowed as deduction u/s 37(1). Foreign currency loss on forward contract can be allowed as business loss when assessee is engaged in the business of international commodity trading.
14. ACIT v. Shri Akshay Sobti [Delhi-Trib.]
Important Tags – Capital asset, question of law, Cost of acquisition, 54F, 54, TDS, 205.
During the year under consideration, the assessee sold a residential house property and invested sale consideration for booking a semi-finished residential flat from a builder and claimed exemption under section 54. The AO disallowed the exemption on the grounds that assessee had purchased new property beyond period of one year prior to date of transfer prescribed under section 54.
The Delhi ITAT held that assessee had booked a semi-finished flat with the builder and as per agreement, he had to make payment in instalments and the builder was to construct the unfinished bare shell of flat for finishing by the buyers on their own to make it liveable. It had to be considered as a case of purchase of property for construction of new residential house and not purchase of a flat. Therefore, he had a time window of three years available to him to construct a house property, thus, the exemption under Section 54 cannot be denied.
15. Shree Laxmi Estate P. Ltd v. ITO [Mumbai- Trib.]
Important Tags – Sale consideration of property below Jantri value, Business income, Depreciation, Additional evidence, 50C, 32, 68, 43CA
During the year under consideration, the assessee, a property developer adopted ‘Project Completion Method’ for a project which was still under construction during the year. During the course of assessment proceedings, AO noticed that there was total difference of Rs. 3,41,41,270/- between the agreement value of the flats booked and the Stamp duty Value of those properties. Addition of Rs. 3,41,41,270/- was made u/s 43CA of the Act. CIT(A) also affirmed the addition made by the AO.
Tribunal held that Section 43CA can be applied only when there is transfer of land or building or both whereas what assessee had transferred pursuant to registration of the said agreement was only the rights in the flat/ office (which is under construction) and not the property per se. Hence it could be safely concluded that there was no transfer of any land or building or both by the assessee in favour of the flat buyers pursuant to registration of the agreement during AY 2014-15. Reliance was placed on the decision of:
- Hon’ble Ahmedabad ITAT in the case of ITO v. Yasin Moosa Godil [ITA No. 2519/Ahd/2009 dated 13/04/2012]
- Hon’ble Jaipur ITAT in the case of Mrs Rekha Agarwal vs ITO [(2017) 79 taxmann.com 290 (Jaipur Trib.) dated 17.2.2017]
Accordingly, the impugned addition of Rs.3,41,41,270/- made u/s. 43CA was directed to be deleted.
16. ACIT v. Shri Harish Narinder Salve [Delhi-Trib.]
Important Tags – Gift, Business Expenditure, Commercial expediency, revenue expenditure, capital expenditure.
During the year under consideration, the assessee (being advocate) entered into a scholarship agreement with the Exeter College, the University of Oxford and paid scholarship to two students. As per the agreement, he committed to provide annual funding for scholarship of graduate student at Oxford University for top Indian student on annual basis. He claimed that the above expenditure was deductible under section 37. However, the AO disallowed the deduction claimed by the assessee on the ground that the scholarship paid by the assessee was a gift to the college.
Delhi Tribunal held that assessee had set-up a scholarship for creating his visibility in international arena and his social standing. This had increased lot of value in his CV and the Singapore government had appointed him on certain Committees of repute. The assessee had also shown that one of the students to whom scholarship had been granted helped him in a famous Vodafone case. Therefore, the assessee had incurred the above expenditure wholly and exclusively for the purpose of his business.
17. Manoj Sharma v. ITO [Delhi – Trib.]
Important Tags – Bogus purchase, Accommodation entries, reason to believe, principle of natural justice, 69C, 147, 148
No addition on account of unexplained purchases could be made, where correct entries are found in assessee’s trading account including quantitative tally of purchases, opening stock, sales and closing stock.
18. M/s. J.C. Bhalla & Co. v. Addl. CIT [Delhi- Trib.]
Important Tags – Capital receipt, cost of acquisition, Source of fund, retrospective amendment, 40(b), 54, 28, 11, Business Income
“Assessee being a Chartered Accountancy partnership firm, would be eligible to exemption u/s 54EC, where it invested capital gains earned from sale of its client relationships and goodwill pertaining to its business of internal audit and risk consultancy(IARC) practice in specified bonds.
Where payment of bonus made to partners was specifically mentioned in a supplementary partnership deed and also specified exact amount of bonus payable, such payment could not be disallowed u/s 40(b).”
19. Dy.CIT v. Shri Arvind N. Nopany [Ahmedabad- Trib.]
Important Tags – Gift, Document seized, capital receipt, 143(3), 142(1), 56(2), 132
In this case the assessee had received gift from his brother in law out of natural love and affection. Assessee’s brother in law was the 40th richest man according to the Forbes and had high net worth. Assessing Officer doubted the donor’s relation with assessee and required the assessee to prove the identity, genuineness and creditworthiness of the donor and also required the assessee to produce the donor. Assessee submitted donor’s PAN, account statement, bank statement in order to prove the same however it was not possible to produce the donor in short notice period as the donor resided in different city.
Tribunal did not find any inference with the judgement of CIT(a) wherein it was held that as assessee has proved the identity, genuineness and credit worthiness of donor and as relation with brother in law fits in the definition of relative given in the proviso to Section 56 therefore the gift received qualifies for the exemption under section 56. Hence, Revenue’s appeal is dismissed.
20. KKB Projects Pvt. Ltd v. Pr. CIT [Surat- Trib.]
Important Tags – Revision of Order, set aside, Transfer Pricing, revenue expenditure, 40A(2)(b).
During the year under consideration the assessee was engaged in the business as a government contractor for construction works. The scrutiny assessment was finalized u/s.143(3). Subsequently, the Pr.CIT observed that there were various payments made by assessee to persons covered u/s.40A(2)(b) of the Act in the form of director remuneration, rent expenses and purchase payments and was of the opinion that no proper verification has been made by the AO in respect of these payments. Therefore, Pr.CIT made revision to the order u/s.263 of the Act.
Tribunal held that the assesse has filed the audited reports containing all the details regarding related parties u/s.40A(2)(b) along with Name, PAN, Relations, nature of transactions and payments made. Even otherwise, the assessee has also duly furnished the report from expert in Form 3CEB as required by Law, wherein all the details of payment made related to party were mentioned i.e. name of persons with whom specifically domestic transactions as entered into, description of transaction along with quantitative details if any. Total amounts paid or payable in the transaction as per the books and as computed by the assessee having regard to arm’s length price. The method used for determining the arm’s length price which also goes to show that there is nothing on the record to suggest that assessee had made any excessive payments to the related parties which has caused loss to the Revenue.
Thus, the order passed by the AO is neither erroneous nor prejudicial to the interest of the Revenue. Merely just because the view taken by the AO was not found acceptable does not mean that the AO has failed to make requisite enquiries. Thus, the view taken by the AO was plausible view, which cannot be disturbed by the Ld. Pr.CIT. Therefore, the Ld. Pr.CIT was not correct in exercise the jurisdiction under section 263 of the Act. In view of these facts and circumstances, we quash the proceedings initiated in the impugned order passed under section 263 of the Act and allow the appeal of the assessee.
21. M/s. Vijay H. Lilawala v. The Income Tax Officer [Surat-Trib.]
Important Tags – Reopening of assessment, Unexplained cash credit, Peak credit.
Where the assessee explains that the cash deposits in bank represents business of assessee however no details of such business are furnished by the assessee, the entire transaction appearing the bank account cannot be added instead only the profit embedded therein is to be added. Here in the case, the profits declared by the assessee were more than the peak credit in bank and therefore addition made was deleted. [Referred case: CIT vs. Pradeep Shantilal Patel (42 taxmann.com 2)]
22. M/s Gopinath Gems v. The Income Tax Officer [Surat-Trib]
Important Tags – Bogus purchase, application of stay, reasonable cause.
Where AO has made addition of alleged bogus purchases solely on the basis of extracts of statement by third parties and has not provided the statement as well as an opportunity of cross examination of the same when requested by the assessee during the assessment proceedings, held to be gross violation of Principle of Natural Justice. Held that addition is to be deleted relying on the decision of Hon’ble SC in the case of Andaman Timber Industries vs. Commissioner of Central Excise[ 281 CTR 241].
23. Nilay Kirtibhai Tailor v. Income Tax Officer [Surat- Trib.]
Important Tags – Unexplained cash credit, Period of limitation, reassessment proceedings, Block assessment, Business income.
Where sub-section (2) of section 150 makes it clear that re-assessment permission under section 150(1) of the Act would not be available to the Department, when the period of limitation for such assessment or re-assessment has expired at the time when order which was subject to the appeal was passed. ie the assessment order in this case and thus the direction u/s 150(1) is bad-in-law
24. Ashok G. Chauhan v. ACIT [Mumbai-Trib.]
Important Tags – Capital asset, Co-owner, 54F, Surrender of tenancy right, Gift.
Where assessee’s claim for deduction u/s 54F was rejected by Assessing Officer on the ground that at time of sale of capital asset, assessee was owner of more than one residential property, in view of the fact that one residential property was jointly owned by the assessee and his wife and he could not be treated as absolute owner, deduction u/s 54F could not be denied.
25. Mohammadanif Sulatanali Pradhan v. DCIT [Ahmedabad – Trib.]
Important Tags – Capital Gains, 54, 54F, set aside
During the year under consideration, the assessee had declared income under the head of Capital Gains in his return after claiming the exemption u/s. 54F for the investment made in 2 bungalows which were adjacent to each other. AO and CIT(A) observed that after the amendment made in section 54F; the expression earlier used as “a residential house” was substituted with “one residential house”. This amendment was effective from Assessment Year 2015-16 i.e. the year under consideration. Accordingly, it was contended by the revenue that assessee cannot claim exemption u/s. 54F for investment made in 2 bungalows. Assessee contended that as both the bungalows were in the same society, adjacent to each other and hence can be considered as one unit for the residential purposes. Accordingly exemption u/s. 54F for investment made in both of the bungalows should be allowed.
Tribunal decided the matter in favour of assessee and allowed the exemption u/s. 54F for investment made in both the bungalows, observing the following:
i) Section 54F does not provide definition for the area of a residential property to be invested in.
a) So, for instance if an assessee buys only one property, even though area of such property is huge, he is entitled to exemption u/s. 54F.
b) Now, merely because if assessee buys two separate properties adjacent to each other; the aggregate area of which may even be lesser than that of the property described in former instance, cannot be denied exemption just for the reason that there are two different properties based on registry documents. ii) Thus, assessee cannot be deprived of the benefit u/s. 54F merely on the ground that there were two different registries of the properties when both such properties were adjacent to each other and were used as single residential unit by the assessee.
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